This week’s listing of information information highlights covers June 12, 2021 – June 18, 2021 and contains articles about recognizing wildfires and analyzing tire knowledge about supply automobiles.
1. Mapping the World’s Coral Reefs
Researchers at NASA have partnered with Khaled bin Sultan Residing Oceans Basis, a corporation devoted to ocean conservation, to map the world’s coral reefs. The undertaking combines three kinds of knowledge: the muse’s knowledge on coral reefs; knowledge from NASA’s FluidCam, a distant sensing instrument that makes use of drones to survey underwater coral reefs; and photos from the NeMO-Internet online game, an app the place citizen-scientists establish corals from 3D imagery of reefs. Researchers have already mapped about one-fifth of the world’s coral reefs.
2. Estimating Residence Values
Zillow, a web based actual property firm primarily based in the US, has created a brand new AI system designed to extra precisely decide the worth of properties throughout the US. The corporate beforehand used almost 1,000 location-specific algorithms to calculate the worth of a house however now will use a single neural community to estimate costs nationwide. Zillow executives declare the brand new AI system will cut back worth estimate errors by 11.5 p.c.
3. Detecting Flat Tires Throughout Final-Mile Supply
Goodyear Tire & Rubber Firm, a tire producer primarily based in the US, has developed new tire options for automobiles delivering packages from e-commerce websites. The tires have sensors that accumulate knowledge together with tire put on, strain, and road-surface situations Then, the sensors transmit the info to a machine studying mannequin, which analyzes and studies points to automobile operators in actual time. In a pilot check, the tires precisely predicted 90 p.c of points.
4. Commemorating the Mayflower Journey with Oceanic Analysis
An autonomous ship has departed on a journey to retrace the Mayflower voyage in 1620 and conduct oceanic analysis. The ship, additionally referred to as the Mayflower, comprises AI-powered cameras and onboard sensors to gather knowledge on ocean acidification, microplastics, and marine life. The ship is ready to reach in Provincetown, Massachusetts, and be the biggest autonomous vessel to efficiently cross the Atlantic.
5. Forecasting Ocean Waves
Researchers on the College of Hawaii have developed a mannequin that may forecast the scale and depth of ocean waves utilizing a database of crowdsourced pictures. The group collected pictures from native residents that confirmed examples of flooding of the West Maui shoreline. They used these photos to coach the mannequin to search out spots the place coastal flooding could be notably hazardous. Researchers can use the mannequin to foretell coastal situations, flooding, and sea ranges as much as six days prematurely.
6. Recognizing Wildfires with AI
Officers in Sonoma County, California have deployed an AI system to detect wildfires earlier than they’ve an opportunity to unfold. The system seems at photos of terrain taken by 21 tower-mounted cameras and compares the photographs to historic pictures of the identical spots. If the system detects a distinction between two pictures, it alerts the county’s dispatch middle. Up to now, the AI system has overwhelmed human-made 911 calls by as a lot as 10 minutes.
7. Saving the Bees
Researchers at Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Expertise have developed in-hive sensors to watch bee populations. Native beekeepers are utilizing these sensors to gather knowledge concerning the hive, together with temperature, humidity, and bee acceleration. Researchers can then use the info to find out the viability of hives and the well being of the bee inhabitants.
8. Analyzing EKG Information for COVID-19
Researchers from the Mayo Clinic and a world volunteer consortium have created an AI system that may shortly and reliably rule out a COVID-19 an infection from electrocardiography (EKG) outcomes. The group educated the system on EKG knowledge from 26,000 sufferers who had been examined for COVID-19. The mannequin predicted a unfavorable check outcome with 91 p.c accuracy.
9. Deploying Sensors to Fight City Challenges
Officers within the municipality of Athens, Greece have partnered with Microsoft and ATCOM, an IT providers firm, to deploy sensors that measure avenue and air air pollution, pedestrian site visitors, noise air pollution, temperature, and humidity throughout town. Metropolis officers can use the collected knowledge to adapt metropolis operations and resolve resident points.
Researchers at Fb and Michigan State College have developed an AI system that may detect deepfakes from evaluation of a single picture. The AI system analyzes the picture’s digital fingerprints, that are distinctive patterns that adjust primarily based on the mannequin used to generate the picture, to find out if a picture is faux and predict which mannequin produced the picture.
Picture credit score: Jim Maragos/U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service